Ficus religiosa is a semi-evergreen tree that grows up to 30 meters in height with wonderful wide spreading branches. It is commonly known as Peepal tree, but is also known as Bodhi tree, Bo-tree and Holy tree. The fruit of the sacred fig is a favorite food for birds, monkeys, squirrels and fruit bats.
According to Buddhism (one of the religions of India), the Peepal is sacred because it is believed that Lord Buddha found enlightenment beneath this tree.
According to Hinduism, Lord Vishnu was born under a Peepal tree and therefore Vishnu takes this form. In villages, traditionally the people conducted meetings (related to village functions or announcements, or to judgements of crimes committed by villagers) under its shade, believing that their judgement will be clear under this sacred canopy.
In Ayurveda, the bark of the sacred fig is used to treat skin diseases, asthma, diabetes and inflammatory disorders.